“It is by going down into the abyss that we recover the treasures of life. Where you stumble, there lies your treasure.” –Joseph Campbell
When we look at the centers of galaxies, it’s no surprise that there are large black holes there, millions or even billions of times the mass of the Sun.
As we look farther and farther away, and hence farther back in time, we’d expect these masses to be much smaller. But what we find is that we have supermassive black holes at the centers of quasars many billions of times the Sun’s mass all the way back to when the Universe was just a few hundred million years old: less than 5% its current age. Does this mean our ideas about how the Universe formed all need to be thrown out?