How to reach the outer solar system

“Even in hindsight, I would not change one whit of the Voyager experience. Dreams and sweat carried it off. But most of all, its legacy makes us all Earth travelers among the stars.” -Charley Kohlhase In the early days of space exploration, it was quite a feat just to get up and out of Earth’s … Read moreHow to reach the outer solar system

A thought experiment for the relativity skeptics

“Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds.” –Albert Einstein It may be hard to believe, seeing as how it’s been our leading theory of gravity for nearly a century now, but Einstein’s General Relativity is possibly the most frequently challenged scientific idea of all-time. Of course, it’s emerged victorious from each and … Read moreA thought experiment for the relativity skeptics

The Cosmic Microwave Background? Not always…

The Universe isn’t a static place. Although the laws of nature (physics, chemistry, biology, etc.) don’t appear to change over time, everything in the Universe appears to evolve, and changes over time. One of the simplest ways that this happens is through Hubble expansion. General relativity tells us how the Universe expands, and more specifically, … Read moreThe Cosmic Microwave Background? Not always…