Can science prove the existence of God? (Synopsis)

“Men occasionally stumble over the truth, but most of them pick themselves up and hurry off as if nothing had happened.” –Winston Churchill

There was a piece that ran over this weekend in the Wall Street Journal, claiming that the lack of evidence for extraterrestrial life is actually evidence pointing towards the existence of God.

Image credit: NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech, via http://kepler.arc.nasa.gov/news/nasakeplernews/index.cfm?FuseAction=ShowNews&NewsID=165.
Image credit: NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech, via http://kepler.arc.nasa.gov/news/nasakeplernews/index.cfm?FuseAction=ShowNews&NewsID=165.

Does this argument hold any water? If we want to scrutinize it (for real), there are three questions we should be asking ourselves:

  1. What are, scientifically, the conditions that we need for life to arise?
  2. How rare or common are these conditions elsewhere in the Universe?
  3. And finally, if we don’t find life in the places and under the conditions where we expect it, can that prove the existence of God?
Image credit: © 2002, ReefNews, Inc.
Image credit: © 2002, ReefNews, Inc.

Come see the full answer to all three, and let us know what you conclude!